Diabetes Medication Side Effects

Time11:45 Date29-05-2020 Hits195 Views

Depending on the condition of the patient, the specialist will allow the patient to use the drug along with specialized products to treat diabetes more effectively. However, during treatment, diabetes medication will cause some effects on the body.

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1. Groups of medicines to treat diabetes

Based on the different mechanisms of reducing blood sugar, diabetes medications are divided into 4 groups as follows:

Drugs that increase insulin sensitivity include: Biguanide metformin (Metforal, Glucophage, Stagid); thiazolidinedione rosiglitazone (Avandia, Hasandia 8, Avanglyco 4); thiazolidinedione pioglitazone (Actos, Dopili 15 mg, Pioglitazone Stada 30mg, Pioglar); GLP-1 receptor agonists (exenatide); inhibition of DPP-4 sitagliptin Januvia TM.

Drugs that increase insulin secretion: Sulfonylurea: glimepiride (Amaryl), glibenclamide (Daonil, Maninil), gliclazide (Diamicron, glipizide (Glibénès, Minidiab), Meglitinide Repaglinide.

Drugs that work to slow down the absorption of fat and glucose from the intestine: Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors: Acarbose (Glucobay, Precose), lipase enzyme inhibitors (orlistat).

Insulin: Slow acting insulin (Lantus®); moderate-acting insulin (Protaphane®, Humulin® NPH); short-acting insulin (Actrapid®, Humulin®, Apidra®); fast-acting insulin (Novorapid®, Humalog®); premixed insulin.

2. Side effects of diabetes medication

- Causes hypoglycemia
All medications used to treat diabetes work to lower blood sugar. In some cases, the wrong use of certain medications will cause hyperglycemia - a drop in blood sugar that is too normal. Failure to take steps to bring blood sugar back to normal levels will lead to a severe loss of consciousness and deep coma.

To avoid hypoglycemia, increase the dose slowly, distribute meals throughout the day to suit the dosage of the drug, avoid excessive diet or over-exercise.

Some notes for patients not to occur hypoglycemia when taking the drug:

Do not use 2 types of drugs of the same group because of the same mechanism of action. It can combine slow-acting drugs with fast-acting drugs.
Check the blood sugar level before taking medicine for timely preventive measures.

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- Side effects on the liver and kidneys
Diabetic medication can also cause serious side effects. The two organs that directly affect diabetes medications are the liver and kidneys. In which the liver is responsible for metabolism and the kidney is responsible for elimination.

- Drug allergy
After using diabetes medicine, the patient may become allergic. Some manifestations such as rash, urticaria, inflammation, ... If the severe conditions can cause patients with anaphylaxis leading to death.

In case of a situation on the simple treatment is to stop using the drug. Because if you continue using this drug, the allergy will return.

Patients who take diabetes medication and experience this condition must immediately notify the specialist to change the prescription accordingly.

- Bloating and diarrhea
Metformin - Glucophage is one of the drugs that cause gastrointestinal disorders, at which time the patient will have symptoms of bloating and diarrhea.

The dosage may be reduced if this condition is met, but if not, the patient should immediately notify the doctor to change the prescription more appropriate.

Diabetes is a chronic disease and patients must identify long-term treatment. Therefore, in the course of using the drug should be careful to limit the side effects caused by the drug. If there are abnormal symptoms, it is necessary to immediately notify the doctor for advice and timely treatment. 

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3. Some notes for more effective diabetes treatment

To minimize the unwanted side effects brought by diabetes medications. Patients should be aware of the following to treat more effectively:

Take the medicine right time, right dose. Consult with your doctor about any abnormal problems during the use of the drug.
Taking medicine in combination with a scientific diet and supplement from 100% natural such as forest bitter melon capsule, herbal tea... helps control sugar levels in the body. Not only that, but it also helps patients to improve health, prevent dangerous complications of the disease.
Maintain a healthy psychological state to make the treatment process more effective. Patients need to regulate emotions, relax their minds, and limit negative thoughts. These will help keep blood sugar levels under control.


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